Ice Hockey Lingo

Assist
the last player to handle the puck prior to the scoring of the goal is credited with the assist.

Boarding
penalty given to a player for flagrantly knocking another player into the boards.

Boards
wooden and glass walls that surround the rink.

Body Check
using the hip or shoulder to impede the progress of a player or knock into a player.

Breakaway
one-on-one scoring opportunity between the puck carrier and the opposing goaltender.

Butterfly Save
goalie drops to her knees and points her toes out, creating a “V” shape with the goal pads to prevent the goal.

Changing on the Fly
substitution of players without stopping the play.

Charging
infraction in which a player deliberately checks another player after taking more than two strides.

Check
used to gain the puck from an opponent; sometimes indicates a player that is being covered closely in one on one defensive

Coast to Coast
player skates from their end to the opponents end without passing or losing the puck.

Crease
semicircle in front of the goal known as the goaltender’s privileged area. No players are allowed inside the goalie’s crease.

Crossover
skating technique is which one skate is placed in front of the skate on the opposite leg.

DEFLECTION
occurs when one player shoots at the goal and a teammate changes the direction of the shot with their stick before it reaches the goal.

FACEOFF
occurs at the beginning of each period and after any stoppage of play; puck is dropped between two opposing players who face each other.

FIVE HOLE
space in between the goalie’s legs; many goals are scored in the five hole because of the way the goalie must shuffle to cover the entire net.

FORECHECKING
pressuring the opposition when it controls the puck in the neutral zone or its defensive zone.

HAT TRICK
three goals scored by one player in a single game.

HIGH STICKING
if a player’s stick is raised over their waist when they contact another player it  is a minor penalty.

HOLDING
two-minute penalty assessed when a player holds an opponent with her hands or stick.

ICING
penalty called when a player fires the puck down the length of the ice without the puck making contact with anyone.

INTERFERENCE
impeding the progress of an opponent who is not in possession of the puck.

NEUTRAL ZONE
one of three areas of the ice surface; the zone located between the two blue lines.

ONE-TIMER
an immediate shot off a teammate’s pass. One-timers are very effective in surprising opposing goaltenders.

POKE CHECK
check in which a defender or goalie uses the blade of the stick to push the puck off the stick of an opponent.

POWER PLAY
situation in which a team has more players on the ice because of a penalty (or penalties) against the opposing team.

PULLING THE GOALIE
in an attempt to tie the score, a team trailing by one or two goals may take its goalie off the ice and send out an extra skater.

RED LINE
center line that divides the rink.

SHORT-HANDED
situation in which a team is forced to play with fewer than six players because one or more have been sent to the penalty box.

SHUTOUT
when a team fails to score any goals in a game.

SLAP SHOT
fastest of all hockey shots. Players make a sweeping motion with an accentuated backswing to shoot the puck.

WING
players on the offensive line on both sides of the center are known as wings

WRIST SHOT
a finesse shot players shoot when the puck is directly against the blade of the stick using a flick motion of the wrist.

ZAMBONI
machine that cleans and resurfaces the ice.

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