Monday, February 20, 2012 is the third Monday of February, and it is the day the United States officially observes George Washington’s Birthday. Unofficially, the holiday is expanded to include all US presidents, especially Washington and Abraham Lincoln.
You may remember Hilary Rodham Clinton’s run for the Democratic nomination in 2008 or Sarah Palin’s stint as a Vice-Presidential candidate the same year, but here are some lesser known women who have aspired to be the POTUS.
- The first woman to run for president was Victoria Woodhull in 1872. The government declined to print her name on the ballot.
- 1964 is the first year in which any woman had her name on a ballot as a candidate for President.
- Sen. Margaret Chase Smith (ME) was the first and also the most successful woman to run for the Republican nomination for President. In the 1964 primaries, she received over 83,000 votes from at least six states and at the convention she got 22 delegate votes from 4 states. Sen. Margaret Chase Smith was only on three Republican primary ballots in 1964, though she also received some write-in votes from other states.
- Elizabeth Dole raised over five million dollars while exploring a race for the 2000 Republican nomination. She was the most successful fundraiser of all the female candidates, but since she dropped out early, her name was not on any ballot.
- Lenora Fulani was the most successful female minor party candidate. Her name was on the ballot in 51 jurisdictions in 1988 and 48 in 1992. No other woman running for President, whether in a primary or a general election, has had her name on as many different ballots.
- At least four African-American women have had their names on a Democratic Presidential primary ballot: Shirley Chisholm in 1972; Lenora Fulani in 1992; Mildred Glover and Carol Mosely Braun in 2004. (There may be more since it is hard to determine the race of all 22)
- One Asian-American woman has had her name on a Democratic Presidential primary ballot: Patsy Mink in 1972.
- At least one African-American woman has had her name on a Republican Presidential primary ballot: Isabell Masters in 1988, 1992, and 1996. (There may be more).
- Mary Jane Rachner is the only woman to have her name on a Republican primary ballot in one year (1988) and a Democratic primary ballot in another (1992).
- The woman on the most Republican Party primary ballots was Tennie Rogers, who was on nine state ballots in 1992. Sen. Margaret Chase Smith was only on three Republican primary ballots in 1964, though she also received some write-in votes. She got ten times more votes than Rogers.
(h/t to AskPatty.com)