Title IX Basics – What Does It Mean?

Gender Equity in Athletic Scholarships
Female students should be aware that federal law Title IX requires athletic scholarships to be distributed in an equitable fashion among the sexes. Consequently, a considerable amount of financial aid is available for women with athletic ability.

The OPE Equity in Athletics Disclosure Website provides statistical information on men’s and women’s intercollegiate sports at almost 2,000 US colleges and universities.

Q. How is Title IX applied to athletics?
A: Athletics programs are considered educational programs. There are three basic parts to Title IX as it applies to athletics:

1. Participation: Title IX requires that women and men be provided equitable opportunities to participate in sports. Title IX does not require institutions to offer identical sports but an equal opportunity to play;

2. Scholarships: Title IX requires that female and male student-athletes receive athletics scholarship dollars proportional to their participation; and

3. Other benefits: Title IX requires the equal treatment of female and male student-athletes in many areas including:

  • equipment and supplies;
  • scheduling of games and practice times;
  • travel and daily allowance/per diem;
  • access to tutoring;
  • coaching,
  • locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities;
  • support services and
  • recruitment of student-athletes.

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